Seminários, para a disseminação informal de resultados de investigação, trabalho exploratório de equipas de investigação, actividades de difusão, etc., constituem a forma mais simples de encontros num centro de investigação de matemática.

O CAMGSD regista e publica o calendário dos seus seminários há bastante tempo, servindo páginas como esta não só como um método de anúncio dessas actividades mas também como um registo histórico.

The co-existence of spatial and non-spatial symmetries together with appropriate commutation/anticommutation relations between them can give rise to static higher-order topological phases, which host gapless boundary modes of co-dimension higher than one. Alternatively, space-time symmetries in a Floquet system can also lead to anomalous Floquet boundary modes of higher co-dimensions, with different commutation/anticommutation relations with respect to non-spatial symmetries. In my talk I will review how these dynamical analogs of the static HOTI's emerge, and also show how a coherently excited phonon mode can be used to support non-trivial Floquet higher-order topological phases. If time allows, I will also review recent work on Floquet engineering and band flattening of twisted-bilayer graphene.

The SYZ conjecture predicts that for polarised Calabi-Yau manifolds undergoing the large complex structure limit, there should be a special Lagrangian torus fibration. A weak version asks if this fibration can be found in the generic region. I will discuss my recent work proving this weak SYZ conjecture for the degenerating hypersurfaces in the Fermat family. Although these examples are quite special, this is the first construction of generic SYZ fibrations that works uniformly in all complex dimensions.

Given a surface with boundary $\Sigma$, its relative mapping class group is the quotient of $\operatorname{Diff}(\Sigma)$ by the subgroup of maps which are isotopic to the identity via an isotopy that fixes the boundary pointwise. (If $\Sigma$ has no boundary, then that's the usual mapping class group; if $\Sigma$ is a disc, then that's the group $\operatorname{Diff}(S^1)$ of diffeomorphisms of $S^1$.)

Conformal nets are one of the existing axiomatizations of chiral conformal field theory (vertex operator algebras being another one). We will show that, given an arbitrary conformal net and a surface with boundary $\Sigma$, we get a continuous projective unitary representation of the relative mapping class group (orientation reversing elements act by anti-unitaries). When the conformal net is rational and $\Sigma$ is a closed surface (i.e. $\partial \Sigma = \emptyset$), then these representations are finite dimensional and well known. When the conformal net is not rational, then we must require $\partial \Sigma \neq \emptyset$ for these representations to be defined. We will try to explain what goes wrong when $\Sigma$ is a closed surface and the conformal net is not rational.

The material presented in this talk is partially based on my paper arXiv:1409.8672 with Arthur Bartels and Chris Douglas.

Fredholm determinants associated to deformations of the Airy kernel are closely connected to the solution to the Kardar-Parisi-Zhang (KPZ) equation with narrow wedge initial data, and they also appear as largest particle distribution in models of positive-temperature free fermions. I will explain how logarithmic derivatives of the Fredholm determinants can be expressed in terms of a $2\times 2$ Riemann-Hilbert problem.

This Riemann-Hilbert representation can be used to derive precise lower tail asymptotics for the solution of the KPZ equation with narrow wedge initial data, refining recent results by Corwin and Ghosal, and it reveals a remarkable connection with a family of unbounded solutions to the Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) equation and with an integro-differential version of the Painlevé II equation.

The Yang-Mills functional is a physics-inspired functional for connections on vector/principal bundles. It is now almost 40 years since the, then groundbreaking, work of Atiyah and Bott extensively studying it on vector bundles over Riemann surfaces. The major outcome of this study was the relationship of its critical levels with the moduli spaces of holomorphic bundles, which allowed for results to flow in both directions of the relationship. Despite its success in that 2 dimensional setting and the 40 years that have since passed, few attempts at exploring the functional, and its critical points, in 3 dimensions were made. I will report on ongoing work with Alex Waldron and Thomas Walpuski towards a Morse theoretic approach for the Yang-Mills functional in 3 dimensional oriented Riemannian manifolds.

(joint work with Alex Waldron and Thomas Walpuski)

In cosmology, the universe is typically modelled by spatially homogeneous and isotropic solutions to Einstein’s equations. However, for large classes of matter models, such solutions are unstable in the direction of the singularity. For this reason, it is of interest to study the anisotropic setting.

The purpose of the talk is to describe a framework for studying highly anisotropic singularities. In particular, for analysing the asymptotics of solutions to linear systems of wave equations on the corresponding backgrounds and deducing information concerning the geometry.

The talk will begin with an overview of existing results. This will serve as a background and motivation for the problem considered, but also as a justification for the assumptions defining the framework we develop.

Following this overview, the talk will conclude with a rough description of the results.