# Seminars and short courses

Seminars, for informal dissemination of research results, exploratory work by research teams, outreach activities, etc., constitute the simplest form of meetings at a Mathematics research centre.

CAMGSD has recorded the calendar of its seminars for a long time, this page serving both as a means of public announcement of forthcoming activities but also as a historic record.

For a full search interface see the Mathematics Department seminar page. Here you will be restricted to lists of forthcoming CAMGSD seminars for the next two weeks or to a given year.

### , Tuesday

#### , Room P3.10, Mathematics Building, Geometria em Lisboa

Ugo Bruzzo, SISSA, Itália & Universidade Federal da Paraíba, Brazil.

On a conjecture about curve semistable Higgs bundles.

We say that a Higgs bundle $E$ over a projective variety $X$ is curve semistable if for every morphism $f : C \to X$, where $C$ is a smooth irreducible projective curve, the pullback $f^\ast E$ is semistable. We study this class of Higgs bundles, reviewing the status of a conjecture about their Chern classes.

### , Friday

#### , Room P3.10, Mathematics Building, String Theory

Debashis Ghoshal, Jawaharlal Nehru University.

Designing matrix models for zeta functions.

The apparently random pattern of the non-trivial zeroes of the Riemann zeta function (all on the critical line, according to the Riemann hypothesis) has led to the suggestion that they may be related to the spectrum of an operator. It has also been known for some time that the statistical properties of the eigenvalue distribution of an ensemble of random matrices resemble those of the zeroes of the zeta function. With the objective to identify a suitable operator, we start by assuming the Riemann hypothesis and construct a unitary matrix model (UMM) for the zeta function. Our approach, however, could be termed *piecemeal*, in the sense that, we consider each factor (in the Euler product representation) of the zeta function to get a UMM for each prime, and then assemble these to get a matrix model for the full zeta function. This way we can write the partition function as a trace of an operator. Similar construction works for a family of related zeta functions.

### , Friday

#### , Room P4.35, Mathematics Building, Mathematical Relativity

Yafet Sanchez Sanchez, Leibniz University Hannover.

Quantum Observables in low regularity spacetimes.

In this talk I will describe how to construct the algebra of observables of a quantized scalar field when the spacetime metric is not smooth. I will show the main difference with the smooth case, the technical difficulties that arise and how we addressed them.

This is joint work with G. Hörmann, C. Spreitzer and J. Vickers.

### , Friday

#### , Room P3.10, Mathematics Building, Algebra

Marcel de Jeu, Leiden University and University of Pretoria.

Positive representations of algebras of continuous functions.

It is well known from linear algebra that a family of mutually commuting normal operators on a finite dimensional complex inner product space can be simultaneously diagonalised. Strongly related to this is the fact that a representation of a commutative C*-algebra on a Hilbert space is generated by a so-called spectral measure, taking its values in the orthogonal projections. A result by Ruoff and the lecturer asserts that a similar phenomenon occurs for positive representations of algebras of continuous functions on a substantial class of Banach lattices.

Recently, it has become clear that these two facts for Hilbert spaces and Banach lattices can be understood from one underlying general theorem for positive homomorphisms of algebras of continuous functions into partially ordered algebras. This result can be proved by purely order-theoretic methods.

In this lecture, we shall explain this theorem and how it relates to the two special cases mentioned above. We shall also sketch the theory of measure and integration in partially ordered vector spaces that is necessary to formulate and establish it.

This is joint work with Xingni Jiang.

### , Friday

#### , Room P3.10, Mathematics Building, Geometria em Lisboa

Rui Loja Fernandes, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

Stability of symplectic leaves.

In this talk I will give a gentle introduction to Poisson manifolds, which can be thought of as (singular) symplectic foliations. As an illustration of the kind of problems one deals in Poisson geometry, I will discuss and give some results on stability of symplectic leaves.

### , Wednesday

#### , Room P3.10, Mathematics Building, Geometria em Lisboa

Hansjörg Geiges, Universität zu Köln.

Constructions of contact manifolds with controlled Reeb dynamics.

The Reeb flow of a contact form is a generalisation of Hamiltonian flows on energy hypersurfaces in classical mechanics. In this talk I shall address the question of how "complicated" such flows can be. Among other things, I plan to discuss a construction of Reeb flows with a global surface of section on which the Poincaré return map is a pseudorotation. This is joint work with Peter Albers and Kai Zehmisch

### , Wednesday

#### , Room P3.10, Mathematics Building, Geometria em Lisboa

Frédéric Bourgeois, Université Paris Sud.

Geography of (bi)linearized Legendrian contact homology.

The study of Legendrian submanifolds in contact geometry presents some similarities with knot theory. In particular, invariants are needed to distinguish Legendrian isotopy classes. Linearized Legendrian contact homology is one of these, and is based on the count of holomorphic curves. It is obtained after linearizing a differential graded algebra using an augmentation. A bilinearized version using two augmentations was introduced with Chantraine.

After a self-contained introduction to this context, the geography of these invariants will be described. In the linearized case, it was obtained with Sabloff and Traynor. The bilinearized case turned out to be far more general and was studied with Galant.

### , Friday

#### , Room P4.35, Mathematics Building, Analysis, Geometry, and Dynamical Systems

Martin Evans, Edinburgh University.

Generalisations to Multispecies.

Second class particle; multispecies exclusion process; hierarchical matrix solution and proof; queueing interpretation.

### , Thursday

#### , Room P4.35, Mathematics Building, Analysis, Geometry, and Dynamical Systems

Martin Evans, Edinburgh University.

Generalisations to Multispecies.

Second class particle; multispecies exclusion process; hierarchical matrix solution and proof; queueing interpretation.

### , Wednesday

#### , Room P4.35, Mathematics Building, Analysis, Geometry, and Dynamical Systems

Martin Evans, Edinburgh University.

Phase Diagram.

Complex zeros of nonequilibrium partition function; open ASEP phase transitions; continuous and discontinuous transitions; coexistence line.

### , Tuesday

#### , Room P4.35, Mathematics Building, Analysis, Geometry, and Dynamical Systems

Martin Evans, Edinburgh University.

Matrix Product Solution.

Matrix product ansatz; proof of stationarity; computation of partition function $Z_L$; large $L$ asymptotics of $Z_L$; current and density profile; combinatorial approaches.

### , Monday

#### , Room P4.35, Mathematics Building, Analysis, Geometry, and Dynamical Systems

Martin Evans, Edinburgh University.

Open Boundary ASEP.

The asymmetric simple exclusion process (ASEP) has been studied in probability theory since Spitzer in 1970. Remarkably a version with open boundaries had already been introduced as a model for RNA translation in 1968. This “open ASEP” has since the 1990’s been widely studied in the theoretical physics community as a model of a nonequilibrium system, which sustains a stationary current. In these lectures I will introduce and motivate the model then present a construction — the matrix product ansatz — which yields the exact stationary state for all system sizes. I will derive the phase diagram and analyse the nonequilibrium phase transitions. Finally I will discuss how the approach generalises to multispecies systems.

In this first lecture I will introduce the motivations; correlation functions; mean-field theory and hydrodynamic limit; dynamical mean-field theory; domain wall theory.

### , Friday

#### , Room P3.31, Mathematics Building, Analysis, Geometry, and Dynamical Systems

Joe Chen, Colgate University.

Random walks, electric networks, moving particle lemma, and hydrodynamic limits.

While the title of my talk is a riff on the famous monograph *Random walks and electric networks* by Doyle and Snell, the contents of my talk are very much inspired by the book. I'll discuss how the concept of electrical resistance can be applied to the analysis of interacting particle systems on a weighted graph. I will start by summarizing the results of Caputo-Liggett-Richthammer, myself, and Hermon-Salez connecting the many-particle stochastic process to the one-particle random walk process on the level of Dirichlet forms. Then I will explain how to use this type of energy inequality to bound the cost of transporting particles by the effective resistance, and to perform coarse-graining on a class of state spaces which are bounded in the resistance metric. This new method plays a crucial role in the proofs of scaling limits of boundary-driven exclusion processes on the Sierpinski gasket.

### , Friday

#### , Room P3.31, Mathematics Building, Analysis, Geometry, and Dynamical Systems

Gabriel Nahum, Instituto Superior Técnico.

On the algebraic solvability of the MPA approach to the Multispecies SSEP.

### , Thursday

#### , Room P3.31, Mathematics Building, Analysis, Geometry, and Dynamical Systems

Hugo Tavares, Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade de Lisboa.

Least energy solutions of Hamiltonian elliptic systems with Neumann boundary conditions.

In this talk, we will discuss existence, regularity, and qualitative properties of solutions to the Hamiltonian elliptic system $$ -\Delta u = |v|^{q-1} v\ \ \ \text{in} \ \Omega,\quad -\Delta v = |u|^{p-1} u\ \ \ \text{in} \ \Omega,\quad \partial_\nu u=\partial_\nu v=0\ \ \ \text{on} \ \partial\Omega,$$with $\Omega\subset \mathbb R^N$ bounded, both in the sublinear $pq< 1$ and superlinear $pq>1$ problems, in the subcritical regime. In balls and annuli, we show that least energy solutions are *not* radial functions, but only partially symmetric (namely foliated Schwarz symmetric). A key element in the proof is a new $L^t$-norm-preserving transformation, which combines a suitable flipping with a decreasing rearrangement. This combination allows us to treat annular domains, sign-changing functions, and Neumann problems, which are nonstandard settings to use rearrangements and symmetrizations. Our theorems also apply to the scalar associated model, where our approach provides new results as well as alternative proofs of known facts.

### , Thursday

#### , Room P3.31, Mathematics Building, Analysis, Geometry, and Dynamical Systems

Renato De Paula, Instituto Superior Técnico.

Matrix product ansatz for the totally asymmetric exclusion process.

Generally, it is very difficult to compute nonequilibrium stationary states of a particle system. It turns out that, in some cases, you can find a solution with a quite interesting structure. The goal of this first part of the seminar is to present the structure of this solution — known as matrix product solution (or matrix product ansatz) — using the totally asymmetric exclusion process (TASEP) as a toy model.

### , Thursday

#### , Seminar room (2.8.3), Physics Building, Mathematical Relativity

Rodrigo Fontana, Universidade Federal da Fronteira do Sul - UFFS Chapecó.

Quasinormal modes of black holes: field propagation and stability.

The propagation of probe fields around black hole geometries is an interesting tool for the investigation of two important aspects: the stability of these geometry and the quasinormal modes spectra. In general, for simple enough metrics (e. g. spherically symmetric), the field equation reduces to a wave-like form with a specific potential. This turns the problem of integration into a wave scattering problem with a potential barrier similar to that of a Schrödinger equation in quantum mechanics. With the proper boundary conditions the spectrum is that of damped waves, the quasinormal modes. These represents the characteristic response of black holes in general to linear perturbations and give information about the stability of the geometry. In this talk I will refer some examples of quasinormal modes and destabilization of geometries in black holes in which a non-minimally coupled scalar field act, in the context of Horndeski theory. By using the same tools of field propagation, I still present some of our previous results in relation to the violation of strong cosmic censorship in charged geometries.

### , Wednesday

#### , Room P3.10, Mathematics Building, Partial Differential Equations

Thomas Fuehrer, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile.

Introduction to the DPG method: Abstract framework and applications.

In this talk I will present the basic ideas of the D(iscontinuous)-P(etrov)-G(

### , Monday

#### , Room P3.10, Mathematics Building, String Theory

Stefano Andriolo, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology.

The Weak Gravity Conjecture.

We discuss various versions of the weak gravity conjecture.

### , Friday

#### , Room P3.10, Mathematics Building, Geometria em Lisboa

Jo Nelson, Rice University.

Equivariant and nonequivariant contact homology.

I will explain how to make use of geometric methods to obtain three related flavors of contact homology, a Floer theoretic contact invariant. In particular, I will discuss joint work with Hutchings which constructs nonequivariant and a family floer equivariant version of contact homology. Both theories are generated by two copies of each Reeb orbit over $\mathbb{Z}$ and capture interesting torsion information. I will then explain how one can recover the original cylindrical theory proposed by Eliashberg-Givental-Hofer via our constructions.

### , Tuesday

#### , Room P4.35, Mathematics Building, Analysis, Geometry, and Dynamical Systems

Pietro Caputo, Università Roma Tre.

The spectral gap of the interchange process: a review.

Aldous’ spectral gap conjecture asserted that on any graph the random walk process and the interchange process have the same spectral gap. In this talk I will review the work in collaboration with T. M. Liggett and T. Richthammer from 2009, in which we proved the conjecture by means of a recursive strategy. The main idea, inspired by electric network reduction, was to reduce the problem to the proof of a new comparison inequality between certain weighted graphs, which we referred to as the *octopus inequality*. The proof of the latter inequality is based on suitable closed decompositions of the associated matrices indexed by permutations. I will first survey the problem, with background and consequences of the result, and then discuss the recursive approach based on network reduction together with some sketch of the proof. I will also present a more general, yet unproven conjecture.

### , Monday

#### , Room P4.35, Mathematics Building, Analysis, Geometry, and Dynamical Systems

Pietro Caputo, Università Roma Tre.

Mixing time of the adjacent walk on the simplex.

By viewing the $N$-simplex as the set of positions of $N-1$ ordered particles on the unit interval, the adjacent walk is the continuous time Markov chain obtained by updating independently at rate $1$ the position of each particle with a sample from the uniform distribution over the interval given by the two particles adjacent to it. We determine its spectral gap and mixing time and show that the total variation distance to the uniform distribution displays a cutoff phenomenon. The results are extended to a family of log-concave distributions obtained by replacing the uniform sampling by a symmetric Beta distribution. This is joint work with Cyril Labbe' and Hubert Lacoin.

### , Wednesday

#### , Room P3.10, Mathematics Building, Topological Quantum Field Theory

Brian Hall, University of Notre Dame.

Eigenvalues of random matrices in the general linear group.

I will begin by discussing the two standard prototype random matrix models, one for Hermitian matrices and one for general matrices. For large matrices, the eigenvalues follow the "semicircular law" in the first case and the "circular law" in the second case. Furthermore, there is a simple relationship between these two laws.

I will then discuss two "multiplicative" analogs of these models, in which the random matrices are chosen from the unitary group and the general linear group, respectively. In the unitary case, the limiting eigenvalue distribution was computed by Biane and exhibits an interesting phase transition when a certain scaling parameter equals 4. I will then describe recent results of mine with Driver and Kemp on the general linear case. The limiting distribution again undergoes a phase transition and turns out to have a remarkably simple structure. The talk will be self-contained with lots of pictures and possibly even a few jokes.

### , Tuesday

#### , Room P3.10, Mathematics Building, Analysis, Geometry, and Dynamical Systems

Brian Hall, University of Notre Dame.

Large-$N$ Segal-Bargmann transform with application to random matrices.

I will describe the Segal-Bargmann transform for compact Liegroups, with emphasis on the case of the unitary group $U(N)$. In this case, the transform is a unitary map from the space of $L^2$ functions on $U(N)$ to the space of $L^2$ holomorphic functions on the "complexified" group $\operatorname{GL}(N;\mathbb{C})$. I will then discuss what happens in the limit as $N$ tends to infinity. Finally, I will describe an application to the eigenvalues of random matrices in $\operatorname{GL}(N;\mathbb{C})$. The talk will be self-contained and have lots of pictures.

### , Monday

#### , Room P3.10, Mathematics Building, Geometria em Lisboa

Richard Laugesen, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

Spectrum of the Robin Laplacian: recent results, and open problems.

I will discuss two recent theorems and one recent conjecture about maximizing or minimizing the first three eigenvalues of the Robin Laplacian of a simply connected planar domain. Conformal mappings and winding numbers play a key role in the geometric constructions. In physical terms, these eigenvalues represent decay rates for heat flow assuming a “partially insulating” boundary.

### , Thursday

#### , Room P3.10, Mathematics Building, Analysis, Geometry, and Dynamical Systems

Simão Correia, Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade de Lisboa.

Critical well-posedness for the modified Korteweg-de Vries equation and self-similar dynamics.

We consider the modified Korteweg-de Vries equation over $\mathbb{R}$ $$ u_t + u_{xxx}=\pm(u^3)_x. $$ This equation arises, for example, in the theory of water waves and vortex filaments in fluid dynamics. A particular class of solutions to (mKdV) are those which do not change under scaling transformations, the so-called *self-similar* solutions. Self-similar solutions blow-up when $t\to 0$ and determine the asymptotic behaviour of the evolution problem at $t=+\infty$. The known local well-posedness results for the (mKdV) fail when one considers critical spaces, where the norm is scaling-invariant. This means that self-similar solutions lie outside of the scope of these results. Consequently, the dynamics of (mKdV) around self-similar solutions are currently unknown. In this talk, we will show existence and uniqueness of solutions to the (mKdV) lying on a critical space which includes both regular and self-similar solutions. Afterwards, we present several results regarding global existence, asymptotic behaviour at $t=+\infty$ and blow-up phenomena at $t=0$. This is joint work with Raphaël Côte and Luis Vega.

### , Tuesday

#### , Room P3.10, Mathematics Building, Analysis, Geometry, and Dynamical Systems

Diogo Arsénio, New York University Abu Dhabi.

Recent progress on the mathematical theory of plasmas.

The incompressible Navier–Stokes–Maxwell system is a classical model describing the evolution of a plasma (i.e. an electrically conducting fluid). Although small smooth solutions to this system (in the spirit of Fujita–Kato) are known to exist, the existence of large weak solutions (in the spirit of Leray) in the energy space remains unknown. This defect can be attributed to the difficulty of coupling the Navier–Stokes equations with a hyperbolic system. In this talk, we will describe recent results aiming at building solutions to Navier–Stokes–Maxwell systems in large functional spaces. In particular, we will show, for any initial data with finite energy, how a smallness condition on the electromagnetic field alone is sufficient to grant the existence of global solutions.

### , Wednesday

#### , Room P3.10, Mathematics Building, Mathematical Relativity

Phillipo Lappicy, Universidade de São Paulo.

Space of initial data for self-similar Schwarzschild solutions.

The Einstein constraint equations describe the space of initial data for the evolution equations, dictating how space should curve within spacetime. Under certain assumptions, the constraints reduce to a scalar quasilinear parabolic equation on the sphere with various singularities and nonlinearity being the prescribed scalar curvature of space. We focus on self-similar Schwarzschild solutions. Those describe, for example, the initial data for the interior of black holes. We construct the space of initial data for such solutions and show that the metric at the event horizon is constrained to the global attractors of such parabolic equations. Lastly, some properties of those attractors and its solutions are explored.

### , Tuesday

#### , Room P3.10, Mathematics Building, Analysis, Geometry, and Dynamical Systems

Cédric Bernardin, University of Nice Sophia-Antipolis.

Microscopic models for multicomponents SPDE’s with a KPZ flavor.

The usual KPZ equation is the scaling limit of weakly asymmetric microscopic models with one conserved quantity. In this talk I will present some weakly asymmetric microscopic models with several conserved quantities for which it is possible to derive macroscopic SPDEs with a KPZ flavor.

Joint work with R. Ahmed, T. Funaki, P. Gonçalves, S. Sethuraman and M. Simon.

### , Monday

#### , Room P3.10, Mathematics Building, String Theory

Vishnu Jejjala, University of the Witwatersrand.

Experiments with Machine Learning in Geometry & Physics.

Identifying patterns in data enables us to formulate questions that can lead to exact results. Since many of the patterns are subtle, machine learning has emerged as a useful tool in discovering these relationships. We show that topological features of Calabi–Yau geometries are machine learnable. We indicate the broad applicability of our methods to existing large data sets by finding relations between knot invariants, in particular, the hyperbolic volume of the knot complement and the Jones polynomial.

### , Wednesday

#### , Room P4.35, Mathematics Building, Mathematical Relativity

Carlos Herdeiro, Instituto Superior Técnico.

Light ring stability in ultra-compact objects.

We prove the following theorem: axisymmetric, stationary solutions of the Einstein field equations formed from classical gravitational collapse of matter obeying the null energy condition, that are everywhere smooth and ultracompact (i.e., they have a light ring) must have at least two light rings, and one of them is stable. It has been argued that stable light rings generally lead to nonlinear spacetime instabilities. Our result implies that smooth, physically and dynamically reasonable ultracompact objects are not viable as observational alternatives to black holes whenever these instabilities occur on astrophysically short time scales. The proof of the theorem has two parts: (i) We show that light rings always come in pairs, one being a saddle point and the other a local extremum of an effective potential. This result follows from a topological argument based on the Brouwer degree of a continuous map, with no assumptions on the spacetime dynamics, and hence it is applicable to any metric gravity theory where photons follow null geodesics. (ii) Assuming Einstein's equations, we show that the extremum is a local minimum of the potential (i.e., a stable light ring) if the energy-momentum tensor satisfies the null energy condition.

### , Tuesday

#### , Room P3.10, Mathematics Building, Analysis, Geometry, and Dynamical Systems

Conrado Costa, Leiden University.

Random walks in cooling random environments: stable and unstable behaviors under regular diverging cooling maps.

Random Walks in Cooling Random Environments (RWCRE), a model introduced by L. Avena, F. den Hollander, is a dynamic version of Random Walk in Random Environment (RWRE) in which the environment is fully resampled along a sequence of deterministic times, called refreshing times. In this talk I will consider effects of the ressampling map on the fluctuations associated with the annealed law and the Large Deviation principle under the quenched measure. I conclude clarifying the paradox of different fluctuations and identical LDP for RWCRE and RWRE. This is a joint work with L. Avena, Y. Chino, and F. den Hollander.

### , Thursday

#### , Room P3.10, Mathematics Building, Algebra

Mark Lawson, Heriot-Watt University.

Non-commutative Boolean algebras.

In this talk, I shall explain how the classical theory of Stone duality may be generalized to a non-commutative setting. This theory has connections with étale groupoids, quantales, groups and inverse semigroups.

Some of the work was joint with Alina Vdovina. I shall assume no prior exposure to this theory.

### , Thursday

#### , Room P4.35, Mathematics Building, Geometria em Lisboa

Isabelle Charton, University of Cologne.

Hamiltonian $S^1$-spaces with large equivariant pseudo-index.

Let \((M,\omega)\) be a compact symplectic manifold of dimension \(2n\) endowed with a Hamiltonian circle action with only isolated fixed points. Whenever \(M\) admits a toric \(1\)-skeleton \(\mathcal{S}\), which is a special collection of embedded \(2\)-spheres in \(M\), we define the notion of equivariant pseudo-index of \(\mathcal{S}\): this is the minimum of the evaluation of the first Chern class \(c_1\) on the spheres of \(\mathcal{S}\).

In this talk we will discuss upper bounds for the equivariant pseudo-index. In particular, when the even Betti numbers of \(M\) are unimodal, we prove that it is at most \(n+1\) . Moreover, when it is exactly \(n+1\), \(M\) must be homotopically equivalent to \(\mathbb{C}P^n\).

### , Tuesday

#### , Room P3.10, Mathematics Building, Topological Quantum Field Theory

Federico Cantero, University of Barcelona, Spain.

Higher Steenrod squares for Khovanov homology.

We describe stable cup-$i$ products on the cochain complex with $\mathbb{F}_2$ coefficients of any augmented semi-simplicial object in the Burnside category. An example of such an object is the Khovanov functor of Lawson, Lipshitz and Sarkar. Thus we obtain explicit formulas for cohomology operations on the Khovanov homology of any link.

### , Tuesday

#### , Room P5.18, Mathematics Building, String Theory

Nils Carqueville, University of Vienna.

TQFTS, Orbifolds and Topological Quantum Computation.

I will review basic notions and results in topological quantum field theory and discuss its orbifolds, with the aim to apply them in the context of topological quantum computation.

### , Monday

#### , Room P3.10, Mathematics Building, String Theory

Ceyda Simsek, University of Groningen.

Spacetime geometry of non-relativistic string theory.

Non-relativistic string theory is described by a sigma model that maps a two dimensional string worldsheet to a non-relativistic spacetime geometry. We discuss recent developments in understanding the spacetime geometry of non-relativistic string theory trying to provide several new insights. We show that the non-relativistic string action admits a surprisingly large number of symmetries. We introduce a non-relativistic limit to obtain the non-relativistic string action which also provides us the non-relativistic T-duality transformation rules and spacetime equations of motion.

### , Wednesday

#### , Room P4.35, Mathematics Building, Algebra

João Fontinha, ETH Zurich.

A primer on the Section Conjecture — a bridge between arithmetic and homotopy.

In 1983, Grothendieck wrote a letter to Faltings in which he formulated a conjecture for hyperbolic curves over fields which are finitely generated over the rationals. Remaining open to date, it carries the study of rational points on an algebraic variety to the realm of profinite groups. Assuming only a working knowledge of basic Algebraic Geometry, we formulate and motivate the Section Conjecture and outline some modern attempts to tackle it.

### , Tuesday

#### , Room P3.10, Mathematics Building, Analysis, Geometry, and Dynamical Systems

Phillipo Lappicy, ICMC, Universidade de São Paulo e CAMGSD-IST, Universidade de Lisboa.

A nonautonomous Chafee-Infante attractor: a connection matrix approach.

The goal of this talk is to present the construction of the global attractor for a genuine nonautonomous variant of the Chafee-Infante parabolic equation in one spatial dimension. In particular, the attractor consists of asymptotic profiles (which correspond to the equilibria in the autonomous counterpart) and heteroclinic solutions between those profiles. We prove the existence of heteroclinic connections between periodic and almost periodic asymptotic profiles, yielding the same connection structure as the well-known Chafee-Infante attractor. This work is still an ongoing project with Alexandre N. Carvalho (ICMC - Universidade de São Paulo).

### , Thursday

#### , Room P3.10, Mathematics Building, Geometria em Lisboa

Gleb Smirnov, ETH Zurich.

Symplectic triangle inequality.

This talk will be concerned with handling problems about embedding Lagrangians in symplectic four-manifolds where the target manifold is rational. In particular, we will determine those three-fold blow-ups of the symplectic ball which admit an embedded Lagrangian projective plane.

### , Tuesday

#### , Room P3.10, Mathematics Building, Analysis, Geometry, and Dynamical Systems

Clement Erignoux, Università Roma Tre.

Hydrodynamics for a non-ergodic facilitated exclusion process.

The Entropy Method introduced by Guo, Papanicolaou and Varadhan (1988) has been used with great sucess to derive the scaling hydrodynamic behavior of wide ranges of conserved lattice gases (CLG). It requires to estimate the entropy of the measure of the studied process w.r.t. some good, usually product measure. In this talk, I will present an exclusion model inspired by a model introduced by Gonçalves, Landim, Toninelli (2008), with a dynamical constraint, where a particle at site $x$ can only jump to $x+\delta$ iff site $x-\delta$ is occupied as well. I will give some insight on the different microscopic and macroscopic situations that can occur for this model, and briefly describe the steps to derive the hydrodynamic limit for this model by adapting the Entropy Method to non-product reference measures. I will also expand on the challenges and question raised by this model and on some of its nice mapping features. Joint work with O. Blondel, M. Sasada, and M. Simon.

### , Monday

#### , Room P3.10, Mathematics Building, String Theory

Davide Masoero, Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade de Lisboa.

Meromorphic opers and the Bethe Ansatz.

The Bethe Ansatz equations were initially conceived as a method to solve some particular Quantum Integrable Models (IM), but are nowadays a central tool of investigation in a variety of physical and mathematical theories such as string theory, supersymmetric gauge theories, and Donaldson-Thomas invariants. Surprisingly, it has been observed, in several examples, that the solutions of the same Bethe Ansatz equations are provided by the monodromy data of some ordinary differential operators with an irregular singularity (ODE/IM correspondence).

In this talk I will present the results of my investigation on the ODE/IM correspondence in quantum $g$-KdV models, where $g$ is an untwisted affine Kac-Moody algebra. I will construct solutions of the corresponding Bethe Ansatz equations, as the (irregular) monodromy data of a meromorphic $L(g)$-oper, where $L(g)$ denotes the Langlands dual algebra of $g$.

The talk is based on:

- D Masoero, A Raimondo, D Valeri, Bethe Ansatz and the Spectral Theory of affine Lie algebra-valued connections I. The simply-laced case. Comm. Math. Phys. (2016)
- D Masoero, A Raimondo, D Valeri, Bethe Ansatz and the Spectral Theory of affine Lie algebra-valued connections II: The nonsimply-laced case. Comm. Math. Phys. (2017)
- D Masoero, A Raimondo, Opers corresponding to Higher States of the $g$-Quantum KdV model. arXiv 2018.

### , Tuesday

#### , Room P3.10, Mathematics Building, Analysis, Geometry, and Dynamical Systems

Ofer Busani, University of Bristol.

Transversal fluctuations in last passage percolation.

In Last Passage Percolation(LPP) we assign i.i.d Exponential weights on the lattice points of the first quadrant of $\mathbb{Z}^2$. We then look for the up-right path going from $(0,0)$ to $(n,n)$ that collects the most weights along the way. One is then often interested in questions regarding (1) the total weight collected along the maximal path, and (2) the behavior of the maximal path. It is known that this path's fluctuations around the diagonal is of order $n^{2/3}$. The proof, however, is only given in the context of integrable probability theory where one relies on some algebraic properties satisfied by the Exponential Distribution. We give a probabilistic proof for this phenomenon where the main novelty is the probabilistic proof for the lower bound. Joint work with Marton Balazs and Timo Seppalainen

### , Thursday

#### , Room P3.10, Mathematics Building, Algebra

Rachid El Harti, Univ. Hassan I, Morocco.

Amenable algebras: algebraic and analytical perspectives.

In this talk, we investigate the amenability of algebras from algebraic and analytical viewpoints.

We also consider its relationship with the

- semi-simplicity of operator algebras and
- crossed product Banach algebras associated with a class of $C^\ast$-dynamical systems.

### , Wednesday

#### , Room P4.35, Mathematics Building, Algebra

Christopher Deninger, University of Muenster.

Dynamical systems for arithmetic schemes - the higher dimensional case.

Extending the colloquium lecture, which essentially deals with $\operatorname{spec} \mathbb{Z}$ we discuss the general case of our construction of dynamical systems for arithmetic schemes. Functoriality and the relation to rational Witt vectors and Fontaine's $p$-adic period ring $A_\inf$ will also be explained if time permits.

### , Wednesday

#### , Room P5.18, Mathematics Building, Mathematical Relativity

José Natário, Instituto Superior Técnico.

Elastic shocks in relativistic rigid rods and balls.

We study the free boundary problem for the "hard phase" material introduced by Christodoulou, both for rods in $(1+1)$-dimensional Minkowski spacetime and for spherically symmetric balls in $(3+1)$-dimensional Minkowski spacetime. Unlike Christodoulou, we do not consider a "soft phase", and so we regard this material as an elastic medium, capable of both compression and stretching. We prove that shocks, defined as hypersurfaces where the material's density, pressure and velocity are discontinuous, must be null hypersurfaces. We solve the equations of motion of the rods explicitly, and we prove existence of solutions to the equations of motion of the spherically symmetric balls for an arbitrarily long (but finite) time, given initial conditions sufficiently close to those for the relaxed ball at rest. In both cases we find that the solutions contain shocks if the pressure or its time derivative do not vanish at the free boundary initially. These shocks interact with the free boundary, causing it to lose regularity.

### , Tuesday

#### , Room P3.10, Mathematics Building, Analysis, Geometry, and Dynamical Systems

Nicola Vassena, Free University Berlin.

Introduction to sensitivity of chemical reaction networks.

This talk is an introductory overview of my research topic: Sensitivity of Networks.

We address the following questions: How does a dynamical network respond to perturbations of equilibrium - qualitatively? How does a perturbation of a targeted component spread in the network? What is the sign of the response?

In more detail, we consider general systems of differential equations inspired from chemical reaction networks: $dx/dt = S r(x)$. Here, $x$ might be interpreted as the vector of the concentrations of chemicals, $S$ is the stoichiometric matrix and $r(x)$ is the vector of reaction functions, which we consider as positive given parameters. Abstractly - for a given directed network: the vector $x$ represents the vertices, the matrix $S$ is the incidence matrix and the vector $r(x)$ refers to the directed arrows.

Sensitivity studies the response of equilibrium solutions to perturbations of reaction rate functions, using the network structure as ONLY data. We give here an introduction of the results and techniques developed through this structural approach.

### , Monday

#### , Room P3.10, Mathematics Building, Algebra

Paulo Lima-Filho, Texas A&M University.

Equidimensional algebraic cycles and current transforms.

In this talk we show how equidimensional algebraic correspondences between complex algebraic varieties can be used to construct pull-backs and transforms of a class of currents representable by integration. As a main application we exhibit explicit formulas at the level of complexes for a regulator map from the Higher Chow groups of smooth quasi-projective complex algebraic varieties to Deligne-Beilinson with integral coefficients.

We exhibit a few examples and indicate how this can be applied to Voevodsky’s motivic complexes. This is joint work with Pedro dos Santos and Robert Hardt.

### , Thursday

#### , Room P3.10, Mathematics Building, Geometria em Lisboa

Adela Mihai, Technical University of Civil Engineering Bucharest.

On Einstein spaces.

A Riemannian manifold $(M,g)$ of dimension $n \ge 3$ is called an Einstein space if $\operatorname{Ric} = \lambda \cdot \operatorname{id}$, where trivially $\lambda = \kappa$, with $\kappa$ the (normalized) scalar curvature; in this case one easily proves that $\lambda = \kappa = \operatorname{constant}$.

We recall the fact that any $2$-dimensional Riemannian manifold satisfies the relation $\operatorname{Ric} = \lambda \cdot \operatorname{id}$, but the function $\lambda= \kappa $ is not necessarily a constant. It is well known that any $3$-dimensional Einstein space has constant sectional curvature. Thus the interest in Einstein spaces starts with dimension $n=4$.

Singer and Thorpe discovered a symmetry of sectional curvatures which characterizes $4$-dimensional Einstein spaces. Later, this result was generalized to Einstein spaces of even dimensions $n = 2k \ge 4.$ We established curvature symmetries for Einstein spaces of arbitrary dimension $n \ge 4$.

### , Thursday

#### , Seminar room (2.8.3), Physics Building, Mathematical Relativity

Jarrod Williams, Queen Mary, University of London.

The Friedrich-Butscher method for the construction of initial data in General Relativity.

The construction of initial data for the Cauchy problem in General Relativity is an interesting problem from both the mathematical and physical points of view. As such, there have been numerous methods studied in the literature the "Conformal Method" of Lichnerowicz-Choquet-Bruhat-York and the "gluing" method of Corvino-Schoen being perhaps the best-explored. In this talk I will describe an alternative, perturbative, approach proposed by A. Butscher and H. Friedrich, and show how it can be used to construct non-linear perturbations of initial data for spatially-closed analogues of the $k = -1$ FLRW spacetime. Time permitting, I will discuss possible renements/extensions of the method, along with its generalisation to the full Conformal Constraint Equations of H. Friedrich.

### , Tuesday

#### , Room P3.10, Mathematics Building, Geometria em Lisboa

Claude LeBrun, Stonybrook.

Einstein Metrics, Harmonic Forms, and Conformally Kaehler Geometry.

There are certain compact 4-manifolds, such as real and complex hyperbolic 4-manifolds, 4-tori, and K3, where we completely understand the moduli space of Einstein metrics. But there are vast numbers of other 4-manifolds where we know that Einstein metrics exist, but cannot currently determine whether or not there are other Einstein metrics on them that are quite different from the currently-known ones. In this lecture, I will first present a characterization of the known Einstein metrics on Del Pezzo surfaces which I proved several years ago, and then describe an improved version which I obtained only quite recently.

### , Friday

#### , Room P3.10, Mathematics Building, Mathematical Relativity

Moritz Reintjes, Instituto Superior Técnico.

Introduction to the Theory of Shock Waves.

I plan to cover the following topics: Euler equations; Burger's equation; $p$-system; symmetric hyperbolic PDEs; shock formation; Lax method of solving Riemann problems; Glimm's method for solving Cauchy problems; Entropy solutions; artificial viscosity.

### Bibliography

- Joel Smoller,
*Shock waves and Reaction Diffusion Equations*. - Constantine Dafermos,
*Hyperbolic Conservation Laws in Continuum Physics*. - Alexandre Chorin and Jerrold Marsden,
*A Mathematical Introduction to Fluid Mechanics*. - Lecture notes of Blake Temple.

### , Thursday

#### , Room P3.10, Mathematics Building, Geometria em Lisboa

Lars Setktnan, UQUAM Montréal.

Blowing up extremal Poincaré type manifolds.

Metrics of Poincaré type are Kähler metrics defined on the complement $X\setminus D$ of a smooth divisor $D$ in a compact Kähler manifold $X$ which near $D$ are modeled on the product of a smooth metric on $D$ with the standard cusp metric on a punctured disk in $\mathbb{C}$. In this talk I will discuss an Arezzo-Pacard type theorem for such metrics. A key feature is an obstruction which has no analogue in the compact case, coming from additional cokernel elements for the linearisation of the scalar curvature operator. I will discuss that even in the toric case, this gives an obstruction to blowing up fixed points (which is unobstructed in the compact case). This additional condition is conjecturally related to ensuring the metrics remain of Poincaré type.

### , Wednesday

#### , Room P3.10, Mathematics Building, Mathematical Relativity

Artur Alho, Instituto Superior Técnico.

Multi-body spherically symmetric steady states of Newtonian self-gravitating elastic matter.

We study the problem of static, spherically symmetric, self-gravitating elastic matter distributions in Newtonian gravity. To this purpose we first introduce a new definition of homogeneous, spherically symmetric (hyper)elastic body in Euler coordinates, i.e., in terms of matter fields defined on the current physical state of the body. We show that our definition is equivalent to the classical one existing in the literature and which is given in Lagrangian coordinates, i.e., in terms of the deformation of the body from a given reference state. After a number of well-known examples of constitutive functions of elastic bodies are re-defined in our new formulation, a detailed study of the Seth model is presented. For this type of material the existence of single and multi-body solutions is established.

### , Wednesday

#### , Room P3.10, Mathematics Building, Topological Quantum Field Theory

Gonçalo Quinta & Rui André, Physics of Information and Quantum Technologies Group - IST (GQ); Center for Astrophysics and Gravitation - IST (RA).

Topological Links and Quantum Entanglement.

We present a classification scheme for quantum entanglement based on topological links. This is done by identifying a nonrigid ring to a particle, attributing the act of cutting and removing a ring to the operation of tracing out the particle, and associating linked rings to entangled particles. This analogy naturally leads us to a classification of multipartite quantum entanglement based on all possible distinct links for any given number of rings. We demonstrate the use of this new classification scheme for three and four qubits and its potential in the context of qubit networks.

### , Tuesday

#### , Room P3.10, Mathematics Building, Geometria em Lisboa

Bruno Oliveira, University of Miami.

Big jet-bundles on resolution of orbifold surfaces of general type.

The presence of symmetric and more generally $k$-jet differentials on surfaces $X$ of general type play an important role in constraining the presence of entire curves (nonconstant holomorphic maps from $\mathbb{C}$ to $X$). Green-Griffiths-Lang conjecture and Kobayashi conjecture are the pillars of the theory of constraints on the existence of entire curves on varieties of general type.

When the surface as a low ratio $c_1^2/c_2$ a simple application of Riemann-Roch is unable to guarantee abundance of symmetric or $k$-jet differentials.

This talk gives an approach to show abundance on resolutions of hypersurfaces in $P^3$ with $A_n$ singularities and of low degree (low $c_1^2/c_2$). A new ingredient from a recent work with my student Michael Weiss gives that there are such hypersurfaces of degree $8$ (and potentially $7$). The best known result till date was degree $13$.

### , Friday

#### , Room P3.10, Mathematics Building, Mathematical Relativity

Pedro Girão, Instituto Superior Técnico.

Solutions of the wave equation bounded at the Big Bang.

By solving a singular initial value problem, we prove the existence of solutions of the wave equation $\Box_g\phi=0$ which are bounded at the Big Bang in the Friedmann-Lemaitre-Robertson-Walker cosmological models. More precisely, we show that given any function $A \in H^3(\Sigma)$ (where $\Sigma=\mathbb{R}^n$, $\mathbb{S}^n$ or $\mathbb{H}^n$ models the spatial hypersurfaces) there exists a unique solution $\phi$ of the wave equation converging to $A$ in $H^1(\Sigma)$ at the Big Bang, and whose time derivative is suitably controlled in $L^2(\Sigma)$.

### , Wednesday

#### , Seminar room (2.8.3), Physics Building, Mathematical Relativity

Juan Antonio Valiente Kroon, Queen Mary, University of London.

Construction of anti de Sitter-like spacetimes using the metric conformal field equations.

In this talk I with describe how to make use of the metric version of the conformal Einstein field equations to construct anti-de Sitter-like spacetimes by means of a suitably posed initial-boundary value problem. The evolution system associated to this initial-boundary value problem consists of a set of conformal wave equations for a number of conformal fields and the conformal metric. This formulation makes use of generalised wave coordinates and allows the free specification of the Ricci scalar of the conformal metric via a conformal gauge source function. I will consider Dirichlet boundary conditions for the evolution equations at the conformal boundary and show that these boundary conditions can, in turn, be constructed from the 3-dimensional Lorentzian metric of the conformal boundary and a linear combination of the incoming and outgoing radiation as measured by certain components of the Weyl tensor. To show that a solution to the conformal evolution equations implies a solution to the Einstein field equations we also provide a discussion of the propagation of the constraints for this initial-boundary value problem. The existence of local solutions to the initial-boundary value problem in a neighbourhood of the corner where the initial hypersurface and the conformal boundary intersect is subject to compatibility conditions between the initial and boundary data. The construction described is amenable to numerical implementation and should allow the systematic exploration of boundary conditions. I will also discuss extensions of this analysis to the case of the Einstein equations coupled with various tracefree matter models. This is work in collaboration with Diego Carranza.

### , Tuesday

#### , Room P3.10, Mathematics Building, Analysis, Geometry, and Dynamical Systems

Federico Sau, Delft University.

Self-duality for conservative interacting particle systems.

### , Thursday

#### , Room P3.10, Mathematics Building, Mathematical Relativity

Noa Zilberman, Technion.

Quantum effects near the inner horizon of a black hole.

The analytically extended Kerr and Reissner-Nordström metrics, describing respectively spinning or spherical charged black holes (BHs), reveal a traversable passage through an inner horizon (IH) to another external universe. Consider a traveler intending to access this other universe. What will she encounter along the way? Is her mission doomed to fail? Does this other external universe actually exist?

Answering these questions requires one to understand the manner in which quantum fields influence the internal geometry of BHs. In particular, this would include the computation of the renormalized stress-energy tensor (RSET) on BH backgrounds - primarily near the IH. Although a theoretical framework for such a computation does exist, this has been a serious challenge for decades (partially due to its inevitable numerical implementation). However, the recently developed pragmatic mode-sum regularization method has made the RSET computation more accessible.

In this talk, we will first consider the computation of the simpler quantity $\langle\phi^2\rangle_{ren}$, for a minimally-coupled massless scalar field inside a (4d) Reissner-Nordström BH. We shall then proceed with the long sought-after RSET, focusing on the computation of the semi-classical fluxes near the IH. Our novel results for the latter will be presented, with a closer look at the extremal limit. Finally - we will discuss possible implications to the fate of our traveler.

### , Wednesday

#### , Room P3.10, Mathematics Building, Mathematical Relativity

Anne Franzen, Instituto Superior Técnico.

Flat FLRW and Kasner Big Bang singularities analyzed on the level of scalar waves.

We consider the wave equation, $\square_g\psi=0$, in fixed flat Friedmann-Lemaitre-Robertson-Walker and Kasner spacetimes with topology $\mathbb{R}_+\times\mathbb{T}^3$. We obtain generic blow up results for solutions to the wave equation towards the Big Bang singularity in both backgrounds. In particular, we characterize open sets of initial data prescribed at a spacelike hypersurface close to the singularity, which give rise to solutions that blow up in an open set of the Big Bang hypersurface $\{t=0\}$. The initial data sets are characterized by the condition that the Neumann data should dominate, in an appropriate $L^2$-sense, up to two spatial derivatives of the Dirichlet data. For these initial configurations, the $L^2(\mathbb{T}^3)$ norms of the solutions blow up towards the Big Bang hypersurfaces of FLRW and Kasner with inverse polynomial and logarithmic rates respectively. Our method is based on deriving suitably weighted energy estimates in physical space. No symmetries of solutions are assumed.

### , Wednesday

#### , Room P3.10, Mathematics Building, Algebra

Ismar Volic, Wellesley College.

Cohomology of braids, graph complexes, and configuration space integrals.

I will explain how three integration techniques for producing cohomology classes — Chen integrals for loop spaces, Bott-Taubes integrals for knots and links, and Kontsevich integrals for configuration spaces — come together in the computation of the cohomology of spaces of braids. The relationship between various integrals is encoded by certain graph complexes. I will also talk about the generalizations to other spaces of maps into configuration spaces (of which braids are an example). This will lead to connections to spaces of link maps and, from there, to other topics such as rope length, manifold calculus of functors, and a conjecture of Koschorke, all of which I will touch upon briefly. This is joint work with Rafal Komendarczyk and Robin Koytcheff.

### , Thursday

#### , Room P4.35, Mathematics Building, Topological Quantum Field Theory

Marco Mackaay, Universidade do Algarve.

The 2-representation theory of Soergel bimodules of finite Coxeter type: a road map to the complete classification of all simple transitive 2-representations.

I will first recall Lusztig's asymptotic Hecke algebra and its categorification, a fusion category obtained from the perverse homology of Soergel bimodules. For example, for finite dihedral Coxeter type this fusion category is a 2-colored version of the semisimplified quotient of the module category of quantum $\operatorname{sl}(2)$ at a root of unity, which Reshetikhin-Turaev and Turaev-Viro used for the construction of 3-dimensional Topological Quantum Field Theories.

In the second part of my talk, I will recall the basics of 2-representation theory and indicate how the fusion categories above can conjecturally be used to study the 2-representation theory of Soergel bimodules of finite Coxeter type.

This is joint work with Mazorchuk, Miemietz, Tubbenhauer and Zhang.

### , Monday

#### , Room P3.10, Mathematics Building, Geometria em Lisboa

Hugues Auvray, Université Paris-Sud.

Complete extremal metrics and stability of pairs on Hirzebruch surfaces.

In this talk I will discuss the existence of complete extremal metrics on the complement of simple normal crossings divisors in compact Kähler manifolds, and stability of pairs, in the toric case.

Using constructions of Legendre and Apostolov-Calderbank-Gauduchon, we completely characterize when this holds for Hirzebruch surfaces. In particular, our results show that relative stability of a pair and the existence of extremal Poincaré type/cusp metrics do not coincide. However, stability is equivalent to the existence of a complete extremal metric on the complement of the divisor in our examples. It is the Poincaré type condition on the asymptotics of the extremal metric that fails in general.

This is joint work with Vestislav Apostolov and Lars Sektnan.