Seminários, para a disseminação informal de resultados de investigação, trabalho exploratório de equipas de investigação, actividades de difusão, etc., constituem a forma mais simples de encontros num centro de investigação de matemática.
O CAMGSD regista e publica o calendário dos seus seminários há bastante tempo, servindo páginas como esta não só como um método de anúncio dessas actividades mas também como um registo histórico.
I will discuss some aspects of SYZ mirror symmetry for pairs $(X,D)$ where $X$ is a del Pezzo surface or a rational elliptic surface and $D$ is an anti-canonical divisor. In particular I will explain the existence of special Lagrangian fibrations, mirror symmetry for (suitably interpreted) Hodge numbers and, if time permits, I will describe a proof of SYZ mirror symmetry conjecture for del Pezzo surfaces.
This is joint work with Adam Jacob and Yu-Shen Lin.
In this talk, we will be interested in standing wave solutions to a fourth order nonlinear Schrödinger equation having second and fourth order dispersion terms. This kind of equation naturally appears in nonlinear optics. In a first time, we will establish the existence of ground-state and renormalized solutions. We will then be interested in their qualitative properties, in particular their stability.
Joint works with Denis Bonheure, Ederson Moreira Dos Santos, Tianxiang Gou, Louis Jeanjean and Robson Nascimento.
The notions of Bloch wave, crystal momentum, and energy bands are commonly regarded as unique features of crystalline materials with commutative translation symmetries. Motivated by the recent realization of hyperbolic lattices in circuit QED, I will present a hyperbolic generalization of Bloch theory, based on ideas from Riemann surface theory and algebraic geometry. The theory is formulated despite the non-Euclidean nature of the problem and concomitant absence of commutative translation symmetries. The general theory will be illustrated by examples of explicit computations of hyperbolic Bloch wavefunctions and bandstructures.
We will review the status of the uniqueness theory of static vacuum black holes, with or without a cosmological constant $\Lambda$, and we will outline the proof of a uniqueness theorem with $\Lambda \gt 0$, proved jointly in collaboration with Stefano Borghini.
I will review the construction of invariants of knots, loop braids and knotted surfaces derived from finite crossed modules. I will also show a method to calculate the algebraic homotopy 2-type of the complement of a knotted surface $\Sigma$ embedded in the 4-sphere from a movie presentation of $\Sigma$. This will entail a categorified form of the Wirtinger relations for a knot group. Along the way I will also show applications to welded knots in terms of a biquandle related to the homotopy 2-type of the complement of the tube of a welded knots.
The last stages of this talk are part of the framework of the Leverhulme Trust research project grant: RPG-2018-029: Emergent Physics From Lattice Models of Higher Gauge Theory.
Emergence of anomalous transport laws in deterministic interacting many-body systems has become a subject of intense study in the past few years. One of the most prominent examples is the unexpected discovery of superdiffusive spin dynamics in the isotropic Heisenberg quantum spin chain with at half filling, which falls into the universality class of the celebrated Kardar-Parisi-Zhang equation. In this talk, we will theoretically justify why the observed superdiffusion of the Noether charges with anomalous dynamical exponent $z=3/2$ is indeed superuniversal, namely it is a feature of all integrable interacting lattice models or quantum field theories which exhibit globally symmetry of simple Lie group $G$, in thermal ensembles that do not break $G$-invariance. The phenomenon can be attributed to thermally dressed giant quasiparticles, whose properties can be traced back to fusion relations amongst characters of quantum groups called Yangians. Giant quasiparticles can be identified with classical solitons, i.e. stable nonlinear solutions to certain integrable PDE representing classical ferromagnet field theories on certain types of coset manifolds. We shall explain why these inherently semi-classical objects are in one-to-one correspondence with the spectrum of Goldstone modes. If time permits, we shall introduce another type of anomalous transport law called undular diffusion that generally occurs amongst the symmetry-broken Noether fields in $G$-invariant dynamical systems at finite charge densities.